Send Them Peace

Send Them Peace

STP Target Overview: Afghanistan

 

STP Target Dates : Mon. Feb 15th - Wed. Feb 24th

 

Target : Afghanistan

Overview : en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afghanistan
www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/by.html

 

Geography/ Climate : en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geography_of_Afghanistan
History : en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Afghanistan
Travel Guides : www.worldtravelguide.net/afghanistan
Immunizations required : wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/traveler/mission_disaster/afghanistan?s_cid=ncezid-dgmq-travel-single-001

 

People : en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_Afghanistan  Mosque in Afghanistan.jpg

 

Global Peace Index Ranking : 160 (where 162 is the worst ranking) 

 

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_Peace_Index#Global_Peace_Index_rankings

 

 

Health : www.who.int/countries/afg/en/

 

GDP per capita (current US$) - (year: ) : 633.6 in 2014 

 

(GDP in USA, 2014, for comparison : 54,629.50 US$/ capita). 
Other countries for comparison : The GDP per capita was as follows for these countries, expressed in current $US : 


Burundi :       286/ cap in 2014 
Afghanistan: 634/ cap in 2014 
Cambodia : 1,090/ cap in 2014 
Yemen :      1,408/ cap in 2013 
Syria:          2,080/ cap in 2007 
Belgium :  47,517/ cap in 2014 
U.S.A. :     54,629/ cap in 2014

 

Good Country Ranking (best = 1, worst = 125) : Afghanistan is not ranked

 

Corruption : Ranked 174th of 176, where 176 is the worsten.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corruption_in_Afghanistan Suggested readings: www.transparency.org/search
Rated 172 of 176 on this list (can also consult map): www.transparency.org/cpi2014/results#myAnchor1

 

Related Problem : opium production increases in Afghanistan, now #1 world producer (90% of all opium produced worldwide). The agricultural space devoted to opium poppy production in Afghanistan is equivalent to the dimensions of 400,000 football fields! Is the CIA the true drug lord in all this? UN says opium production is currently decreasing.

 

Afghanistan-US-marines-guarding-poppies.jpg

"Inside Pakistan, the number of heroin addicts went from near zero (yes, zero) in 1979 to 5,000 in 1980 and 1,300,000 by 1985 -- a rate of addiction so high the U.N.called it “particularly shocking.”  In 1979 and 1980, just as the CIA effort was beginning to ramp up, a network of heroin laboratories opened along the Afghan-Pakistan frontier.  That region soon became the world’s largest heroin producer. By 1984, it supplied a staggering 60% of the U.S. market and 80% of the European one. "

 

How are terrorism, war, troop movements, and drugs like opium related?

"In the fighting season of 2015, the Taliban decisively seized the combat initiative and opium seemed ever more deeply embedded in its operations. The New York Times reportedthat the movement’s new leader, Mullah Akhtar Mansour, was “among the first major Taliban officials to be linked to the drug trade... and later became the Taliban’s main tax collector for the narcotics trade -- creating immense profits.” After months of relentless pressure on government forces in three northern provinces, the group’s first major operation under his command was the two-week seizure of the strategic city of Kunduz, which just happened to be located on “the country’s most lucrative drug routes... moving opium from the poppy prolific provinces in the south to Tajikistan... and to Russia and Europe.” Washington felt forced to slam down the brakes on planned further withdrawals of its combat forces."

 

Heroin Use In Perspective ...

 

Strengths/ Weaknesses : www.coface.com/Economic-Studies-and-Country-Risks/Afghanistan

 

Peace & Compassion Deficits : www.usip.org/sites/default/files/SR267Jarvenpaa.pdf

 

www.pajhwok.com/en/2015/10/28/trust-deficit-behind-unproductive-peace-talks-hpc

 

www.pajhwok.com/en/2016/02/12/isis-planting-flag-different-parts-afghanistan-cia

 

www.dw.com/en/ashraf-ghani-this-is-part-of-our-shame/a-18894203 (watch the video).

 

Opium poppies a soldier Afghanistan.jpg

 

 

In some countries, the economy depends on oil production. In Afghanistan, it depends (53% of the GDP) on opium (= morphine, codeine, heroin) production.

 

Business is Business.



12/02/2016
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